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Diversity of Phosphate Chemical Forms in Soils and Their Contributions on Soil Microbial Community Structure Changes

Abstract : In many soils, the bioavailability of Phosphorus (P), an essential macronutrient is a limiting factor for crop production. Among the mechanisms developed to facilitate the absorption of phosphorus, the plant, as a holobiont, can rely on its rhizospheric microbial partners. Therefore, microbial P-solubilizing inoculants are proposed to improve soil P fertility in agriculture. However, a better understanding of the interactions of the soil-plant-microorganism continuum with the phosphorus cycle is needed to propose efficient inoculants. Before proposing further methods of research, we carried out a critical review of the literature in two parts. First, we focused on the diversity of P-chemical forms. After a review of P forms in soils, we describe multiple factors that shape these forms in soil and their turnover. Second, we provide an analysis of P as a driver of microbial community diversity in soil. Even if no rule enabling to explain the changes in the composition of microbial communities according to phosphorus has been shown, this element has been perfectly targeted as linked to the presence/absence and/or abundance of particular bacterial taxa. In conclusion, we point out the need to link soil phosphorus chemistry with soil microbiology in order to understand the variations in the composition of microbial communities as a function of P bioavailability. This knowledge will make it possible to propose advanced microbial-based inoculant engineering for the improvement of bioavailable P for plants in sustainable agriculture.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 1:46:40 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 11, 2022 - 9:44:11 AM

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Amandine Ducousso-Détrez, Joël Fontaine, Anissa Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui, Mohamed Hijri. Diversity of Phosphate Chemical Forms in Soils and Their Contributions on Soil Microbial Community Structure Changes. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2022, 10 (3), pp.609. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10030609⟩. ⟨hal-03713039⟩

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