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Novel approach to identify phenoloxidases inhibitors: Optimization of spectrophotometric MBTH assay for high throughput use enzymatic assays and analysis

Abstract : This study presents a miniaturized 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone hydrochloride-assay (MBTHassay) 1 , optimized for high-throughput measurement of shrimp phenol oxidase activities and the screening of potential inhibitors of post-mortem melanosis. To validate this approach, assay parameters, including limit of detection and dynamic range, were compared to values obtained for DOPAchrome-assay, used here as a reference method. A reliable high-throughput automatized analysis was also performed, under standardized parameters, in order to compare and characterize 40 potential inhibitors of phenol oxidase activities. Among the selected molecules, twenty showed inhibitory action. Enzyme-inhibitor dissociation constant (K i), median inhibitor concentration (IC 50) and inhibition modes could be determined for nine of them. 4-Hexylresorcinol, Nphenylthiourea L-cystein and glutathione displayed K i values lower than sulfite salts (Na 2 S 2 O 5 and Na 2 SO 3) used as positive controls.
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https://hal-ulco.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03695326
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Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 9:38:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 3:40:59 AM

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Estelle Zeyer, Egon Heuson, Charlotte Himber, Vincent Phalip, Cédric Le Bris, et al.. Novel approach to identify phenoloxidases inhibitors: Optimization of spectrophotometric MBTH assay for high throughput use enzymatic assays and analysis. Food Control, Elsevier, 2018, 93, pp.83 - 91. ⟨10.1016/j.foodcont.2018.05.043⟩. ⟨hal-03695326⟩

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